ARTH361 19th-Century European & Italian Art History, Federica Bustreo, Fall 2019 | SACI College of Art & Design Florence

ARTH361 19th-Century European & Italian Art History, Federica Bustreo, Fall 2019

Classes will include lectures by the instructor, student-led discussions on the various themes presented in the readings, site visits, and oral presentations by the students.

We will visit sites and museums meaningful for 19th-Century art in Florence, such as the Pitti Palace and the GAM Gallery. We will also go on a day trip to Padova to see an exhibition at Palazzo Zabarella.

Readings

In compliance with the Higher Education Opportunity Act Textbook Provision, SACI provides, when possible, the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) and retail price of required and recommended reading. Note: Copies of the textbooks below are available for loan or can be consulted in the SACI Worthington Library.

Textbooks
Stephen F. Eisenman, Thomas E. Crow, Brian Lukacher, Linda, Nochlin, David Llewellyn Phillips, Frances K. Pohl, Nineteenth Century Art: A Critical History, 2nd edition, Thames & Hudson, 2002.
ISBN: 9780500283356 (Retail price: To Be Determined)

Angela Vettese and Eliana Princi, Contemporary Art, Atlas, 2015, part 1, units 1-6, pp. 4-30.
ISBN: 9788826817194 (Retail price: €6)

Extra readings
During each class, textbooks and extra readings will be discussed. The readings will be divided among the students who will present them and develop discussion topics for the class. Students will be expected to expand their readings (either among those listed below or not) in view of their final research paper at the end of the semester.

The readings are listed in the class schedule.

Class Structure

Classes will consist of presentations of the readings by the students. The professor will then provide an overview on artists, issues and themes of the day. Discussions led by the professor and the students are welcome. Considering the vastness of the subject, the students are highly encouraged to choose at the beginning of the semester a specific aspect of 19th-century art that they would like to explore more in depth; that will allow the class as a group to focus on specific themes and artists and therefore gain a deeper and more structured understanding of the art of the period. Each student will present her/his assignment on a chosen day. The assignment will be then developed from each student in a research paper.

Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the course the students should have:

  • Acquired an in-depth knowledge of the history of the arts in Europe and Italy in the 19th century
  • Acquired an overview of the main critical approaches to the analysis of 19th-century art
  • Developed the skills and the critical knowledge to place a 19th-century work of art in its historical, political and cultural context
  • Be able to understand the interconnections between painting, sculpture, photography and architecture and between artists and their public during the 19th century
  • Acquired a methodological framework and approach to develop an original research paper that will be presented in both oral and written form

Grading

Grading is based on attendance, effort, improvement, and demonstration of knowledge gained through the course.

Graduate Students
Students in MFA, MA, and Post-Bac programs are expected to complete additional assignments and to produce work at a level appropriate for students in a graduate program. They are graded accordingly and, if they successfully complete all course requirements for graduate students, receive graduate-level credit for the course.

Schedule

Week 1

Tuesday, September 10
Introduction and overview to the course and its structure. We will talk about the program and decide assignments for future classes.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “Introduction,” pp. 7-17.

Readings: Fred S. Kleiner, Gardner’s Art through the ages, 2014, pp. 339-385.
SACI Library: V 602.5.1

Week 2

Tuesday, September 17
The arts in Europe between 1790 and 1820: Neoclassicism through the main protagonists.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “Patriotism and Virtue,” pp. 18 – 54;
Contemporary Art: pp. 4-8.

Readings: David Irwin, Neoclassicism, 1997, pp. 249 – 331.
ISBN: 9780714833699 (Retail price: $29.95)
 

Thursday, September 19
The crisis of Classicism: Theodore Gericault and Eugène Delacroix.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art: “Classicism in crisis,” pp. 55 – 81;
Contemporary Art: p. 9.

Readings:
Patric Noon, Constable to Delacroix: British Art and the French Romantics, 2003, pp. 12-21; 66-73; 80-83; 162-163.
ISBN: 9781854374592 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 600.4.2

Week 3

Tuesday, September 24
Walk in Florence for discovering its aspect in 19th Century.

Thursday, September 26
Romanticism and landscapes: the Picturesque and the Sublime. Great Britain: John Constable and William Turner.
Germany: Caspar David Friederich.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “Nature Historicized: Constable, Turner and Romantic landscape painting,” pp.119-151;
Contemporary Art: p.10

Readings:
Hugh Honour, Romanticism,1991, pp. 57-118.
ISBN: 9780140146660 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 603.1

Week 4

Tuesday, October 1
Dreams and nightmares in Romantic imagination. Spain: Francisco Goya.
Great Britain: William Blake and Johann Heinrich Füssli.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “The tensions of Enlightenment: Goya,” pp. 82-101; “Visionary History Painting: Blake and his contemporaries,” pp. 102-118.

Readings:
Hugh Honour, Romanticism, 1991, pp. 277-294.
ISBN: 9780140146660 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 603.1

Thursday, October 3
Purism and Romanticism in Italy. The Nazarene movement, Francesco Hayez.

Readings:
Hugh Honour, Romanticism, 1991, pp. 156-172; 295-302.
ISBN: 9780140146660 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 603.1

Roberta J. M. Olson ed., Ottocento: Romanticism and Revolution in 19th-Century Italian Painting, Centro Di, 1992, pp. 13-25.
ISBN: 9780917418945 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 601.3

Week 5

Tuesday, October 8
Realism and modernity in Europe. France: Gustave Courbet, Honoré Daumier.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “The Generation of 1830 and the crisis in the public sphere,” pp. 204-207; “The rethoric of Realism: Courbet and the origins of the avant-garde,” pp.222-240.

Readings:
Timothy J. Clark, Image of the People: Gustave Courbet and the 1848 Revolution, University of California Press, 1999, pp. 47-133.
ISBN: 9780520217454 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 600.4.15

David Harvey, Paris Capital of Modernity, Routledge, 2006, pp. 1 – 20.
ISBN: 9780415952200 (Retail price: $49.95)

Thursday, October 10
Art in Italy before and after Risorgimento: history, life, landscape, genres of Macchiaioli.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art: “The Italian Macchiaioli,” pp. 272- 274.
Contemporary Art, pp. 11-14.

Readings:
Roberta J. M. Olson, Ottocento: Romanticism and Revolution in 19th-Century Italian Painting, 1992, pp. 25 – 43, 65 – 74.
ISBN: 9780917418945 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 601.3

Albert Boime, The Art of the Macchia and the Risorgimento, 1993, pp. 115 – 163 (end notes, 317 – 319).
ISBN: 9780226063300 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 608.9.c.2 and V 608.9.

Week 6

Tuesday, October 15
Visit to the Modern Art Gallery (GAM) of Florence, Pitti Palace.

Thursday, October 17
Review for midterm exam. We will talk together about the program.

Week 7

Tuesday, October 23
Written Midterm exam.
Multiple choice quiz and open questions based on textbooks, readings and images discussed in class.

Thursday, October 25
The origins of French Impressionism.
The artist and its public: exhibitions, salons and art criticism.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “Individualism and Naturalism in French salon art,” pp. 274-281.
Contemporary Art, pp.15-18.

Readings:
Timothy J. Clark, The Painting of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and his Followers, 1985, pp.3-78. ISBN: 9780500275757 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 607.7

Bruce Altshuler, Salon to Biennial: Exhibitions that Made Art History, Volume 1, 1863 – 1959, 2008, pp.11-14; 21-32.​
ISBN: 9780714844053 (Retail price: $100)

   

Week 8

MIDTERM BREAK (October 26-November 3)

   

Week 9

Tuesday, November 5
The development of French Impressionism.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “Manet and the Impressionists:” pp. 282 – 298;
Contemporary Art, pp.15-18.

Readings:
Timothy J. Clark, The Painting of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and his Followers, 1985, pp.79-146.
ISBN: 9780500275757 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library V 607.7

Bruce Altshuler, Salon to Biennial: Exhibitions that Made Art History, Volume 1, 1863 – 1959, 2008, pp.35-46.​
ISBN: 9780714844053 (Retail price: $100)

Thursday, November 7
American artists in Europe: Mary Cassatt, James Abbott Whistler, John Sargent.

Texbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “Issues of gender in Cassatt and Eakins,” pp. 299-317.

Readings:
Francesca Bardazzi, Carlo Sisi, Americans in Florence: Sargent and the American Impressionists, 2012 (pages to be assigned)
SACI Library V 607.15.25

Week 10

Tuesday, November 12
The end of Impressionism: Cézanne and the Post-impressionists.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “The failure and success of Cezanne,” pp. 389-402.
Contemporary Art, pp. 19-23.

Readings:
Richard Shiff, Cézanne and the End of Impressionism, The University of Chicago Press, 1984, pp. 162-174; 199-219.
ISBN: 9780226753065 (Retail price: $46)
SACI Library V607.10

Thursday, November 14
Neo-Impressionism in France: Seurat, Signac, Toulouse- Lautrec.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “Mass culture and utopia,” pp. 318-339.

Readings:
John House, Mary Ann Stevens, Post Impressionism: Cross Currents in European Paintings, Royal Academy of Arts, 1979, pp. 13-25; 130-140; 142-144.
ISBN: 9780297777137 (Retail price to be determined)
SACI Library V 610.2.1

Bruce Altshuler, Salon to Biennial: Exhibitions that Made Art History, Volume 1, 1863 – 1959, Phaidon, 2008, pp. 49-58.​
ISBN: 9780714844053 (Retail price: $100)

Week 11

Tuesday, November 19
Neo-Impressionism in Italy: the radical change of Divisionism.

Readings:
Radical Light: Italy’s Divisionist Painters, 2009, pp. 11-35.
ISBN 9781857094084 (Retail price to be determined)
SACI Library: V 601.24

Vivien Green, Divisionism. Neo-Impressionism, 2007, pp. 15-57.
SACI Library V 610.5.

Thursday, November 21
Van Gogh and Gauguin: a troubled friendship.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “Abstraction and populism: Van Gogh,” “Paul Gauguin and Symbolism in Brittany,” pp. 340-355; 361-364.
Contemporary Art, pp. 19-24.

Readings:
Debora Silverman, Van Gogh and Gauguin, The search for sacred art, 2000, pp. 17-46; 249-255; 267-272.

Week 12

Tuesday, November 26
Visit to the exhibition “Natalia Goncharova” at Palazzo Strozzi.

Thursday, November 28
Symbolism in Europe.

Textbooks: Nineteenth Century Art, “Symbolism and the dialectics of retreat,” pp. 356-388.

Readings:
Modern Art, ed. by David Britt, 2002, pp. 59-95.

Nikolaus Pevsner, Pioneers of Modern Design: from William Morris to Walter Gropius, 1991, pp. 68-89.
ISBN: 2800140137141 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library XIV. 3180.5

Week 13

Tuesday December 3
Day trip to Padova (TBC) and visit to the exhibitionVan Gogh, Monet, Degas from the Virginia Museum of Arts” at Palazzo Zabarella.

Thursday December 5
The reaction to industrialization: from the Arts and Crafts movement to Art Noveau.

Readings:
David Raizman, History of Modern Design, Laurence King Publishing, 2014, sections 5 and 6.
ISBN: 9781856696944 (Retail price: $153.20)
SACI Library XIV.3086.8

Nikolaus Pevsner, Pioneers of Modern Design: from William Morris to Walter Gropius, Penguin, 1991, (pages to be assigned)
ISBN: 2800140137141 (Retail price: To Be Determined)
SACI Library XIV. 3180.5

Modern Art, ed. by David Britt, 2002, pp. 96-107.

Week 14

Tuesday December 10
The emotions of Expressionists.

Textbooks: Contemporary Art, pp. 24-27.

Readings:
Modern Art, ed. by David Britt, 2002, pp. 109-131.

Thursday December 12
Sculpture at the end of the 19th Century.

Readings: Robert Rosenblum and H.W. Janson, Art of the 19th Century, 1984, pp. 464-505. SACI Library V 600.8.

Week 15

Tuesday December 17
Deadline for research papers

Review for midterm exam. We will talk together about the program.

Thursday December 19
Final written exam

Multiple choice quiz and open questions based on textbooks, readings and images discussed in class.

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